On "run reset vrrp master"

I've just exorcised a ghost of the old VRRP CLI implementation — the "reset vrrp master" command. I thought it would go away with the vyatta-vrrp package, but in fact it was in vyatta-op. It made me remember that I was going to write about it in the original blog post, but somehow I forgot about it.

Here is why that command was not reimplemented. First, it never worked with preempt to begin with, and with preempt being the default, its usefulness was already limited.

A more serious reason, however, is that it was a rather horrible (even if ingenious) kludge. This is how it worked: first it tried to locate the VRRP group in keepalived.conf, then it would remove it from the config, restart keepalived, insert it again, and restart keepalived again. It sort of worked, but you can see how fragile this approach is. If anything at any stage would go wrong, it would leave VRRP in an inconsistent state.

A much cleaner and general way to do it is to just disable the VRRP group in conf mode (set high-availability vrrp group Foo disable) and commit the change.

New VRRP CLI is here (with IPv6 support)

Ever since I started with Vyatta, I've had a problem with commands for features unrelated to interfaces being defined inside interfaces. I'm sure the person who came up with that arrangement meant well and thought it would be familiar for Cisco and Juniper users, but the more I lived with it, the more I thought it creates more problems than it solves.

From the user perspective, it's hard to easily view the complete configuration of those features. It's also much harder to clone a feature config to another machine. And if you ever want to move some connection to a different NIC, things get even more fun.

For developers, however, it's even worse. First, it means commands for those features needs to be duplicated for every interface type, which makes adding new interfaces much harder. Second, configuration scripts end up more complex due to paths that can be nested quite deeply. Third, with the current config backend specifically, lack of nested end nodes can lead to very interesting tracking of the state to avoid repeated service restarts.

Until recently there was a token excuse for leaving unfortunate UI decisions alone — the difficulty of writing migration scripts. Luckily, it's no longer the case, so we can start cleaning it up. Ok, it is hard and you need to take care of many details, but at least you are not wrestling with a library that is simply inadequate for the task. Now we can go on a quest to remove excessive nesting and redesign the UI is an easier to use, more logical fashion.

VRRP looked a good feature to start the clean up with — we need to get  IPv6 VRRP support to work in the end, its scripts have accumulated quite some cruft, and, well, it really has nothing to do with interface settings since it's a protocol of its own implemented by a userspace daemon.

Today I've rolled out the new implementation and it is already in the latest rolling release image, ready for your testing. Let's walk through the changes.